Institute of Marine Science
Dr Richard Taylor
PhD Auckland (1997)
MSc Auckland (1991)
BSc Auckland (1988)
Phone: +64 9 373 7599 ext 83607
Leigh Marine Laboratory
PO Box 349
Shallow mixed algae
Ecology of temperate rocky reefs
Rocky reefs are inhabited by seaweeds and a variety of animals, including crustaceans, gastropods, sea urchins, and fishes. Most of my research concerns interactions between these organisms.
I have focussed on the ecology of small (<20 mm) crustaceans, gastropods and polychaetes, which are extremely abundant in many rocky reef habitats (especially the surfaces of seaweeds). These animals ("epifauna") are responsible for 80% of the flux of materials through animals on rocky reefs, link primary production to fish and other large consumers, and potentially have a strong impact on algae through their grazing activities, but we know much less about their natural history and the roles they play in rocky reef communities than we do for the larger, more conspicuous organisms.
My graduate students and I use a variety of approaches to study the ecology of local rocky reefs, including experiments in the field and in mesocosms. We take advantage of the Leigh Marine Laboratory's diving and boating facilities, flow-through seawater system, and close proximity to a range of coastal ecosystems.
- New Zealand Ecology and Conservation (BIOSCI 104)
- Ecology and Biodiversity (BIOSCI 206)
- Freshwater and Estuarine Ecology (BIOSCI 330) (coordinator)
- Marine Ecology (BIOSCI 333)
- Marine Ecology (BIOSCI 724)
- Principles of Marine Science (MARINE 202)
- Selected Topics in Marine Science (MARINE 701) (coordinator)
- Impacts of epifaunal grazing on seaweeds
- Impacts of fish predation on seaweed epifauna
- Epifauna of red seaweeds
- Cues of "bail-out" behaviour in seaweed epifauna
- Diet and impacts of grazing of the subtidal crab Plagusia chabrus
- Anna Berthelsen (PhD) "Interactions between coralline turf and associated fauna"
- Evan Brown (MSc) "Direct versus indirect effects of marine reserve protection on temperate reef fish communities" (cosupervisor; primary supervisor Dr Nick Shears)
- Agus Kusnadi (MSc) "Reproduction in the seaweed Hormosira banksii" (co-supervisor; primary supervisor Dr Alwyn Rees)
- Nurhazwan Mohd Zain (BSc Hons) "Variation in growth of juvenile grey mullet"
- Josh Richardson (MSc) "Using unbaited remote video cameras to count fish"
- Tabea Salewski (PhD) "Feeding in the omnivorous fish Girella tricuspidata" (co-supervisor; primary supervisor Prof Kendall Clements)
- Arie Spyksma (MSc) "Factors influencing sheltering behaviour in sea urchins"
- Taylor, R. B. In press. Phylum Priapulida. In: New Zealand Coastal Invertebrates. Cook, S. de C. (ed.). Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
- McLeod, I. M., Parsons, D. M., Morrison, M. A., Van Dijken, S. G., and Taylor, R. B. In press. Mussel reefs on soft sediments: a severely reduced but important habitat for macroinvertebrates and fishes in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research.
- Clements, K. D., and Taylor, R. B. 2013. Commemorating 50 years of marine science at the Leigh Marine Laboratory. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 47: 275-276.
- Fowler, A. E., Muirhead, J. R., and Taylor, R. B. 2013. Early stages of a New Zealand invasion by Charybdis japonica (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861) (Brachyura: Portunidae) from Asia: behavioral interactions with a native crab species. Journal of Crustacean Biology 33: 672-680.
- Freeman, D. J., MacDiarmid, A. B., Taylor, R. B., Davidson, R. J., Grace, R. V., Haggitt, T. R., Kelly, S., and Shears, N. T. 2012. Trajectories of spiny lobster Jasus edwardsii recovery in New Zealand marine reserves: is settlement a driver? Environmental Conservation 39: 295-304.
- Poore, A. G. B., Campbell, A. H., Coleman, R. A., Edgar, G. J., Jormalainen, V., Reynolds, P. L., Sotka, E. E., Stachowicz, J. J., Taylor, R. B., Vanderklift, M. A., and Duffy, J. E. 2012. Global patterns in the impact of marine herbivores on benthic primary producers. Ecology Letters 15: 912-922.
- McLeod, I. M., Parsons, D. M., Morrison, M. A., Le Port, A., and Taylor, R. B. 2012. Factors affecting the recovery of soft-sediment mussel reefs in the Firth of Thames, New Zealand. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 78-83.
- Taylor, R. B., Morrison, M. A., and Shears, N. T. 2011. Establishing baselines for recovery in a marine reserve (Poor Knights Islands, New Zealand) using local ecological knowledge. Biological Conservation 144: 3038-3046.
- Lasley-Rasher, R. S., Rasher, D. B., Marion, Z. H., Taylor, R. B., and Hay, M. E. 2011. Predation constrains host choice for a marine mesograzer. Marine Ecology Progress Series 434: 91-99.
- Newcombe, E. M., Taylor, R. B. 2010. Trophic cascade in a seaweed-epifauna-fish food chain. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408: 161-167.
- Freeman, D. J., MacDiarmid, A. B., Taylor, R. B. 2009. Habitat patches that cross marine reserve boundaries: consequences for the lobster Jasus edwardsii. Marine Ecology Progress Series 388: 159-167.
- Cowles, A., Hewitt, J. E., and Taylor, R. B. 2009. Density, biomass and productivity of small mobile invertebrates in a wide range of coastal habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 384: 175-185.
- Barr, N. G., Kloeppel, A., Rees, T. A. V., Scherer, C., Taylor, R. B., and Wenzel, A. 2008. Wave surge increases rates of growth and nutrient uptake in the green seaweed Ulva pertusa maintained at low bulk flow velocities. Aquatic Biology 3: 179-186.
- Taylor, R. B., and Morrison, M. A. 2008. Soft-sediment habitats and fauna of Omaha Bay, northeastern New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 38: 187-214.
- Taylor, R. B. 2008. Epifauna and epiflora. In: Encyclopedia of ecology. Vol. 2. Jørgensen, S. E., and Fath, B. D. (eds). Elsevier, Oxford. pp. 1389-1393.
- Taylor, R. B. 2008. Review of 'Subtidal Invertebrates of New Zealand' by S. Wing. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 42: 269-270.
- Taylor, R. B., and Brown, P. J., 2006. Herbivory in the gammarid amphipod Aora typica: relationships between consumption rates, performance and abundance across ten seaweed species. Marine Biology, 149: 455-463.
- Taylor, R. B., and Steinberg, P. D. 2005. Host use by Australasian seaweed mesograzers in relation to feeding preferences of larger grazers. Ecology 86: 2955-2967.
- Taylor, R. B., Lindquist, N., Kubanek, J., and Hay, M. E. 2003. Intraspecific variation in palatability and defensive chemistry of brown seaweeds: effects on herbivore fitness. Oecologia 136: 412-423.
- Sotka, E. E.*, Taylor, R. B.*, and Hay, M. E. 2002. Tissue-specific induction of resistance to herbivores in a brown seaweed: the importance of direct grazing versus waterborne signals from grazed neighbors. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 277: 1-12. [*denotes equal authorship]
- Taylor, R. B.*, Sotka, E. E.*, and Hay, M. E. 2002. Tissue-specific induction of herbivore resistance: seaweed response to amphipod grazing. Oecologia 132: 68-76. [*denotes equal authorship]
- Taylor, M. W., Taylor, R. B., and Rees, T. A. V. 1999. Allometric evidence for the dominant role of surface cells in ammonium metabolism and photosynthesis in northeastern New Zealand seaweeds. Marine Ecology Progress Series 184: 73-81.
- Brown, P. J., and Taylor, R. B. 1999. Effects of trampling by humans on animals inhabiting coralline algal turf in the rocky intertidal. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 235: 45-53.
- Taylor, R. B. 1998. Density, biomass and productivity of animals in four subtidal rocky reef habitats: the importance of small mobile invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172: 37-51.
- Taylor, R. B., J. T. A. Peek, and Rees, T. A. V. 1998. Scaling of ammonium uptake by seaweeds to surface area:volume ratio : geographical variation and the role of uptake by passive diffusion. Marine Ecology Progress Series 169: 143-148.
- Taylor, R. B., and Rees, T. A. V. 1998. Excretory products of mobile epifauna as a nitrogen source for seaweeds. Limnology and Oceanography 43: 600-606.
- Taylor, R. B., and Willis, T. J. 1998. Relationships amongst length, weight and growth of northeastern New Zealand reef fishes. Marine and Freshwater Research 49: 255-260.
- Taylor, R. B. 1998. Seasonal variation in assemblages of mobile epifauna inhabiting three subtidal brown seaweeds in northeastern New Zealand. Hydrobiologia 361: 25-35.
- Taylor, R. B. 1998. Short-term dynamics of a seaweed epifaunal assemblage. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 227: 67-82.
- Rees, T. A. V., Grant, C. M., Harmens, H. E., and Taylor, R. B. 1998. Measuring rates of ammonium assimilation in marine algae: use of the protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone to distinguish between uptake and assimilation. Journal of Phycology 34: 264-272.
- Taylor, R. B., Blackburn, R. I., and Evans, J. H. 1995. A portable battery-powered suction device for the quantitative sampling of small benthic invertebrates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 194: 1-7.
- Taylor, R. B., and Cole, R. G.. 1994. Mobile epifauna on subtidal brown seaweeds in northeastern New Zealand. Marine Ecology Progress Series 115: 271-282.
Related departments and institutions